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QuadCopter

Introduction

A quadcopter, also called a quadrotor helicopter or quadrotor, is a multirotor helicopter that is lifted and propelled by four rotors. Quadcopters are classified as rotorcraft, as opposed to fixed-wing aircraft, because their lift is generated by a set of rotors (vertically oriented propellers).There are several advantages to quadcopters over comparably-scaled helicopters. First, quadcopters do not require mechanical linkages to vary the rotor blade pitch angle as they spin.

Agenda:-

Day 1

Session 1 (03:30 hrs):-

 

Introduction to Multicopter

  • Definition
  • History of Quadcopter
  • Difference between different types of Multicopter
  • Applications of Quadcopter
  • Uses of Quadcopter
  • Working Mechanism
  • Operating Techniques
  • Constructional Techniques

 

Base of Multicopter

  • Frame
  • Types of Frame
  • Frame Configuration
  • Propeller
  • History of Propeller
  • Theory and Designing of Propeller
  • Standard Propeller Size
  • Different forces acting on Propeller
  • Understanding Propeller Size and Control
  • Analysis of Propeller Pitch, Diameter and RPM

 

Motors

  • Types of Motors
  • Basic working concept of Motors
  • Characteristics of BLDC
  • Advantages of BLDC
  • Applications of BLDC
  • Theory of operation of BLDC
  • Different Phase BLDC Motor
  • Evaluation of BLDC

 

Session 2- (02:30 hrs)

 

Electronic Speed Controller (ESC)

  • Features
  • Working
  • Pulse Width Modulation
  • Interfacing of ESCs
  • Start up Procedures
  • Protection Methods
  • Trouble Shooting

 

Overview of Sensor

  • Definition
  • Different Types of Sensors
  • Use of Sensor in QuadCopter
  • Interfacing of Sensors

 

Introduction to Flight Controller Board

  • What is Microcontroller?
  • Difference between Microcontroller and Microprocessor.
  • Microcontroller Architecture and Interfacing.
  • Understanding the detailed pin out of the Microcontroller.
  • Understanding different protocols and peripherals of Flight Controller Board
  • How can we use Microcontroller in our Own Circuits?

 

Introduction to Battery

  • Difference between Lithium Ion (Li-ion) and Lithium Polymer (Lipo) Battery Characteristics of Lipo Battery
  • Benefits and Downsides of using Lipo
  • Charging Lipo Battery
  • Maximum charge voltage and current
  • How to overcome over discharging
  • Do’s and Don’ts for Lipo
  • Safety Precautions
  • Session Recap

 

Day 2

Session 1- (03:30 hrs)

 

Radio Devices

  • Definition
  • Use of RC Remote Control
  • Understanding Radio Transmitter
  • Types of Radio Transmitter
  • Different Channels of Radio transmitter
  • Basic Functionalities of RC Transmitter

 

Installation of Software and Debugging

  • Flashing the Firmware into Flight Controller Board with the use of Programmer Updating the Firmware
  • Synchronizing RC Transmitter and Receiver
  • Calibrating RC Transmitter
  • Working with Flying Model Simulator (FMS)

 

Session 2- (02:30 hrs)
  • Flying Session of the drone
  • Session Recap

 

Prerequisites:-

Can access computer system and make use of internet to perform search over Google.

Need to Prepare?

Basic knowledge of mechanical system would be appreciated.

Tools Expected:-

Windows OS based PC, Smart phone with Internet, Notebook and Pen

Tools Used (for the session):-
  • Quad frame Power Distribution Board
  • KK multi copter control board V 5.5
  • Screws and screw Driver
  • Radio Transmitter
  • Radio Receiver
  • Multirotor Stabilization Controller
  • 30A Electronic Speed Controller 4 nos
  • 1000KV Brushless DC Motor 4 nos
  • Propellers (1 pair of Pushers + 1 pair of Pullers)
  • 2200mAh Battery 01 nos
  • Normal Battery Charger 01 nos
  • Battery Strap 01
  • DEAN / XT60 connector
  • Bullet Connectors 12 no
Concepts:-

Propellers, BLDC motor, Electronic Speed Controller, Sensors and Radio Devices

Summary:-

This workshop will unmanned air vehicles using the tool Quadcopter. It will all the core concepts from fabrication to the flying of the drone.

Project:-
  • Assembling of Quad Copter
  • Flying Control of the Unmanned Air Vehicle
Commitment:-

2 Days (7 hours each including 1-hour lunch break)

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